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Old 02-06-2002, 01:15 AM
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hyssop hyssop is offline
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Vowels

VOWELS

Sounds Like . . .

Vowel

Vowel

Vowel

AH (as in "father")

}X

;X

'X

EH (as in "wet")

?X

,X

eX

EE (as in "cheek")

&nbsp

yiX

iX

O (as in "store")*

|X

AX

OX

OO (as in "moon")

&nbsp

WX

uX

silent

&nbsp

X

.X


*NOTE: If one of the consonants is a Shin (with the OX vowel on the right), the dot for the "O" vowel overlays the dot on the Shin and cannot be distinguished.

Example:
h,vm = Moses. Notice that the mem has no vowel associated with it; therefore, one can assume the "O" vowel is there above the shin.


Diphthongs: Combinations of two back-to-back vowel sounds within the same syllable. For example, oy in the word boy is a diphthong.

DIPHTHONGS

Sounds Like . . .

&nbsp

&nbsp

AH-Y, forming I, as in "like"

y;X

y'X

EH-Y, forming A, as in "make"

&nbsp

yeX

OH-Y, forming OY, as in "boy"

yOX

yAX

OO-Y, forming OOEY, as in "gooey"

yuX

yWX


As far as I know, the tables above cover the Hebrew vowels and vowel sounds. Any other marks that you may see above or below the Hebrew letters (including the wishbone-looking mark) in printed texts are used to indicate how the verse is supposed to be "sung" by one reading the scripture in the synagogue and have nothing to do with the meaning/translation of the verses. You will find, however, that the dot (or "dagesh") will appear with many of the consonants within a word (e.g. T, C, L, etc.) that are often there for grammatical reasons that go well beyond Basic Hebrew.


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